Project / Volume 4


Based entirely on primary sources and held to a high standard of academic rigor, the fourth volume of the Integrated Encyclopedia of the Qurʾān (IEQ) will further enhance the value of IEQ as a research tool. Drawing on numerous new primary sources, seldom used in any reference work on the Qurʾān in a Western language, the fourth volume begins with an entry on the Qurʾānic concept of “Idle Speech” and ends with “Orphans”. Like the first three volumes, the fourth volume taps into a wide range of traditional Muslim sources, integrates the source material at several levels, and presents a cohesive, cross-referenced text that is at once contemporary and classical.